Makalah tentang internet


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A. Internet

internet sebagai jaringan yang terhubung dalam internet protocol (IP).

internet sebagai sejumlah jaringan fisik yang saling terhubung dengan protocol yang sama (apa saja) untuk membentuk jaringan logic

Internet sebagai komunitas jaringan komputer yang memberikan pelayanan http (world wide). Dibedakan dengan intranet sebagai pelayanan http untuk kalangan terbatas (pada mulanya pembatasan pada jaring fisik atau LAN).

B. Advantages and Risk (limitations) of Internet in Education

Advantages

Limitations

Data- and information-rich, including a range of media

Knowledge-poor; information overload

Anyone can publish online (tripod.com and other hosting sites)

No librarians for quality control (with some exceptions, like KidsClick! and other sites for children)

Learners can become researchers because of easier access to data

Need for quality control in the data that students find and use

Search engines that are fast and powerful

Search engines that show results based on who pays the most

Easy to use

Not enough training for effective use

Smaller, faster, cheaper all the time

Push to upgrade constantly

Communication
Students, teachers, researchers can connect directly to each other. 619 million people are online, according to GlobalReach

Advantages

Limitations

Ability to link to people and places immediately

Speed takes precedence over quality

Global dissemination of information

Risk of a growing information gap between haves and have-nots

Motivation for students in sharing their work online with the world

Copyright issues – it’s easy to get caught, so teachers need to make sure their students follow the rules

Anyone can publish online (tripod.com and other hosting sites)No librarians for quality control (with some exceptions, like KidsClick! and other sites for children)

No librarians for quality control (with some exceptions, like KidsClick! and other sites for children)

Visualization and modeling
2- and 3-dimensional graphics, static and animated, and what-if modeling are enabled by computer use

Advantages

Limitations

Appeal to different learning styles

Flash over substance

Easier to understand complex subjects using visual representations ( imaging raytracer – use with IE; molecular modeling )

Easier to think you understand when you just have surface knowledge

Possibility of seeing different things because of the different perspective that graphics bring ( mouse expressing a protein , mouse genome )

Easier to misrepresent data in graphical form

More student control of learning (constructivism) when they can use models themselves – hands-on discovery rather than watch and memorize (zebrafish database )

Positive aspects: One of the advantages that most of you have written about
was the large amount of information, which is fast an easy to
access and is sufficiently general to be useful for school
projects or homework. Some of the places to find such useful
data were online encyclopedias, search engines, discussion forums.

Another positive aspect presented was the idea of more freedom
to plan your own learning schedule: no more stress and an independent
way of planning your educational activities.

Of course, we might also add the fact that we you can save a lot of
time by using modern means of communication, such as e-mail or messengers.

Negative aspects: Although the Internet seems to offer advantages only
in education, if we take a closer look on what replacing our traditional methods
of teaching would be like, we might want to think again before making
such a decision…

An important aspect that you have pointed out is the fact that school
is not only an institution for learning, but more like a community. The
main objective of teachers may not be the one of teaching their subject,
but the one of preparing ourselves for the life we have ahead of us.
And they cannot achieve this by chatting with us on the Internet, can they?

Secondly, what about all your friends at school? Do you think that you
would have the same great time on the Internet as you were having when you
were getting together at school? How would you have met most of your friends
at all if it weren’t for school?

Leaving the improvement of social skills behind for now, you also mentioned
problems such as addiction, untrusted sources of information and lack of
detail or even health problems such as eye illnesses. Another aspect is
the one that the Internet is also a source of fun, and there is the possibility
of wasting time instead of learning.

Oh, and I almost forgot: will humanity forget the feeling of reading a book?

4. Conclusion: To sum up, it is necessary to say that although the Internet has many features that could
make the learning process more easy and handy for students, the social disadvantages that it posesses
may be worth some concern and should be taken into account, just as YOU did!

MANFAAT INTERNET

u Akses kepada sumber informasi

n Perpustakaan on-line

(Perpustakaan di Indonesia masih buruk)

n Literatur, buku, majalah, referensi, ensiklopedia

yang mahal dapat diakses lewat Internet

n Akses ke hasil penelitian sehingga tidak terjadi

penelitian yang berulang

n Akses kepada materi kuliah

n Sangat bermanfaat bagi daerah

yang kurang sumber informasi

MANFAAT INTERNET

u Akses kepada nara sumber (pakar)

n Diskusi tugas akhir melalui e-mail

n Nara sumber tidak perlu secara fisik terbang ke

daerah (menghemat waktu perjalanan)

u Media kerjasama

n Penelitian bersama

n Membuat makalah

bersama

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